Ž British rule of the colonies
Ž American Revolution
Ž Articles of Confederation
Ž Comparable to Locke’s Second Treatise of Civil Government
Ž Locke states “men being by nature all free, equal and independent”
Ž Used concepts from English Common Law
Ž Philosophical Basis: “unalienable rights” and as a result establishes limited governments that receive power from the people governed.
Ž The Grievances: For example: taxation w/o representation, unjust trials, quartering of British soldiers, abolition o f colonial assemblies
Ž The Statement of Separation: Announcing to the world that the colonists had no choice but to revolt.
Ž Recognized need for central government
Ž Two levels of government
o Weak national government
o Dominant state governments
Ž Huge Problems with this system
o Congress had no power to tax
o Amendments need unanimous state approval
o No chief executive
o No national court system
o Legislation had to be passed with 2/3 majority
Ž Constitutional Convention
o 55 delegates
Ž Big Disagreements = Big Compromises
*Represented equally by the states (the Senate)
*Represented by pop. (House of Representatives)
o Three-Fifths Compromise
*Every five slave will count as three people for pop. and tax purposes
o Dealings with the economy
*Congress given power to tax
*regulate foreign and interstate commerce
*create a national currency
Formation of Political Parties
Federalists- upper class, bankers, and rich property owners. In favor of Constitution as is.
Anti-Federalists- middle class, represented farmers and “common” people. In favor of Constitution only if Bill of Rights added.